AskDefine | Define auditorium

Dictionary Definition

auditorium n : the area of a theater or concert hall where the audience sits [also: auditoria (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From auditorium, from auditorius.

Noun

  1. A large room for public meetings or performances.
  2. In the context of "in a theater, etc.": The space where the audience is located.

Translations

a large room for public meetings or performances
  • Hungarian: előadóterem, auditórium, hangversenyterem
the space where the audience is located
  • Hungarian: nézőtér

Latin

Etymology

From auditorius, from auditor.

Noun

  1. A hearing.
  2. A hall or lecture room.
  3. A school.
  4. An audience; an assembled group of listeners.

Adjective

References

Extensive Definition

An auditorium (plural auditoriums, or less commonly auditoria) is the area within a theatre, concert hall, or other performance space where the audience is located in order to hear and watch the performance. For movie theaters, the number of auditoriums is also expressed as the number of screens.
The term is taken from Latin; the concept is taken from the Greek auditorium which had a series of semi-circular seating shelves in the theatre, divided by broad 'belts', called diazomata, with eleven rows of seats between each.

Modern auditorium structure

The audience in a modern theatre are usually separated from the performers by the proscenium arch, although other types of stage are common.
The price charged for seats in each part of the auditorium (known colloquially as the house) usually varies according to the quality of the view of the stage. The seating areas can include some or all of the following:
  • Stalls or arena: the lower flat area, usually below or at the same level as the stage.
  • Balconies or galleries: one or more raised seating platforms towards the rear of the auditorium. In larger theatres, multiple levels are stacked vertically above or behind the stalls. The first level is usually called the dress circle or grand circle. The highest platform, or upper circle is sometimes known as the gods, especially in large opera houses, where the seats can be very high and a long distance from the stage.
  • Boxes: typically placed immediately to the front, side and above the level of the stage. They are often separate rooms with an open viewing area which typically seat five people or less. These seats are typically considered the most prestigious of the house. A state box or royal box is sometimes provided for dignitaries.

Etymology

In a church, the auditorium is also called the nave, where hearers stood to be instructed.
In a monastery, an auditorium is an apartment for the reception of strangers.
auditorium in Asturian: Auditoriu
auditorium in Catalan: Auditori
auditorium in Danish: Auditorium
auditorium in German: Hörsaal
auditorium in Spanish: Auditorio
auditorium in Italian: Auditorium
auditorium in Dutch: Auditorium
auditorium in Japanese: オーディトリアム
auditorium in Norwegian Nynorsk: Auditorium
auditorium in Polish: Audytorium
auditorium in Russian: Аудитория
auditorium in Simple English: Auditorium
auditorium in Swedish: Auditorium
auditorium in Ukrainian: Аудиторія

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Elizabethan theater, Globe Theatre, Greek theater, agora, amphitheater, arena, arena theater, assembly hall, athletic field, background, balcony, bear garden, bowl, box, box seat, boxing ring, bull ring, cabaret, campus, canvas, chapel, circle theater, circus, classroom, club, cockpit, coliseum, colosseum, concert hall, convention hall, course, dance hall, dress circle, exhibition hall, fauteuil, field, floor, forum, gallery, ground, gym, gymnasium, hall, hippodrome, house, lecture hall, lecture room, lists, little theater, locale, loge, marketplace, mat, meetinghouse, milieu, music hall, nigger heaven, night spot, nightclub, open forum, opera, opera house, orchestra, orchestra circle, outdoor theater, palaestra, parade ground, paradise, parquet, parquet circle, parterre, peanut gallery, pit, place, platform, playhouse, precinct, prize ring, proscenium boxes, public square, purlieu, range, recitation room, ring, scene, scene of action, scenery, schoolroom, setting, showboat, site, sphere, squared circle, stadium, stage, stage set, stage setting, stall, standing room, terrain, theater, theater-in-the-round, theatre stall, theatron, tilting ground, tiltyard, walk, wrestling ring
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